Buglossoides arvensis (also known as Lithospermum arvense, Field Gromwell, Corn Gromwell and Bastard Alkanet) is both annual and biennial in habit and is a member of the Boraginaceae family. The genus comprises approximately 18 species, including such well-known plants as borage, echium, comfrey, and forget-me-not. The plant is found throughout North America, Europe, and southeastern Australia.
The Buglossoides arvensis root system consists of a taproot.
Buglossoides arvensis grows to a height of approximately 24 inches (60 cm) with a spread of 6 inches (15 cm) across. The round stems are more or less hairy, and the alternate leaves grow up to 2 inches (5 cm) long and approximately 3/8 inch (1 cm) across.
Buglossoides arvensis has multiple flowering sites. Each flower is approximately 1/4 inch (7 mm) long. The blooming period typically occurs mid-spring to mid-summer and lasts about two months.
Each flowering site ofBuglossoides arvensis can produce four seeds, which are held tightly on the plant until harvest. The seed is approximately 1/8 inch (3-4 mm) in size, tetrahedral in shape, and has a greyish-brown surface that is rough and wrinkled.
Buglossoides arvensis seed oil is a high, natural source of stearidonic acid (SDA). Oil content is typically 20%, of which approximately 20% is SDA, as well as other important essential fatty acids such as 42% alpha-linolenic acid (ALA), 11% linoleic acid (LA), and 5% gamma-linolenic acid (GLA)